Jesse J. Norris, J.D., Ph.D., State Efforts to Reduce Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice: Empirical Analysis and Recommendations for Action 47 Gonz. L. Rev. 493 (2011)
A number of states have begun high-level processes to analyze and reduce racial and ethnic disparities in the criminal justice system. This article provides a preliminary empirical evaluation of these efforts, focusing on both the governance and substantive content of the anti-disparities processes. Results indicate that these efforts are not governed in a systematic and transparent manner, and tend to ignore or neglect the most glaring causes of disparity and the most promising measures to reduce them. This article discusses how anti-disparities processes and concerned citizens can stimulate more vigorous and effective strategies to minimize racial disparities.